sâmbătă, 1 noiembrie 2008

Halloween sau....

.. mai bine nu! De ce? Pentru ca nu suntem americani... chiar daca sarbatoarea isi are originile in Europa:

Halloween's origins date back to the ancient Celtic festival of Samhain (pronounced sow-in).

The Celts, who lived 2,000 years ago in the area that is now Ireland, the United Kingdom, and northern France, celebrated their new year on November 1. This day marked the end of summer and the harvest and the beginning of the dark, cold winter, a time of year that was often associated with human death. Celts believed that on the night before the new year, the boundary between the worlds of the living and the dead became blurred. On the night of October 31, they celebrated Samhain, when it was believed that the ghosts of the dead returned to earth. In addition to causing trouble and damaging crops, Celts thought that the presence of the otherworldly spirits made it easier for the Druids, or Celtic priests, to make predictions about the future. For a people entirely dependent on the volatile natural world, these prophecies were an important source of comfort and direction during the long, dark winter.

To commemorate the event, Druids built huge sacred bonfires, where the people gathered to burn crops and animals as sacrifices to the Celtic deities.

During the celebration, the Celts wore costumes, typically consisting of animal heads and skins, and attempted to tell each other's fortunes. When the celebration was over, they re-lit their hearth fires, which they had extinguished earlier that evening, from the sacred bonfire to help protect them during the coming winter.

By A.D. 43, Romans had conquered the majority of Celtic territory. In the course of the four hundred years that they ruled the Celtic lands, two festivals of Roman origin were combined with the traditional Celtic celebration of Samhain.


The first was Feralia, a day in late October when the Romans traditionally commemorated the passing of the dead. The second was a day to honor Pomona, the Roman goddess of fruit and trees. The symbol of Pomona is the apple and the incorporation of this celebration into Samhain probably explains the tradition of "bobbing" for apples that is practiced today on Halloween.

By the 800s, the influence of Christianity had spread into Celtic lands. In the seventh century, Pope Boniface IV designated November 1 All Saints' Day, a time to honor saints and martyrs. It is widely believed today that the pope was attempting to replace the Celtic festival of the dead with a related, but church-sanctioned holiday. The celebration was also called All-hallows or All-hallowmas (from Middle English Alholowmesse meaning All Saints' Day) and the night before it, the night of Samhain, began to be called All-hallows Eve and, eventually, Halloween. Even later, in A.D. 1000, the church would make November 2 All Souls' Day, a day to honor the dead. It was celebrated similarly to Samhain, with big bonfires, parades, and dressing up in costumes as saints, angels, and devils. Together, the three celebrations, the eve of All Saints', All Saints', and All Souls', were called Hallowmas.


N-au decat sa sarbatoreasca sarbatoarea asta crestinii catolici.. eu n-am auzit de asa ceva la ortodoxi pana mai acum ceva timp...
Nu inteleg de ce tot copiem americanisme, la fel ca si Sf. Valentin.. Eu inteleg ca suntem romani si gasim motive de distractie in mai toate lucrurile, dar totusi mi se pare ca exageram...
ahh, imi cer scuze ca nu am tradus articolul, dar chiar imi e lene....
Revenind... mi s-a parut oarecum absurd sa vad astazi o multime de tineri, care mai de care mai deghizati, mai mult sau mai putin original, si o alta multime privindu-i cu amuzament, ciudat, cu mila sau mai stiu eu cum... plus ca in mai toate barurile, cafenelele si cluburile a fost seara speciala... de ce nu e seara speciala de Sanziene, sau de Dragobete????????? Pentru ca e mai usor sa copiem decat sa ne inspiram din traditiile noastre...pacat....

2 comentarii:

Pandutzu spunea...

"Valentine's Day is a holiday invented by greeting card companies to make people feel like crap"

asta e din "The Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind"

justDan spunea...

nu era "make single people feel like crap"?:P